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For the week of Feb. 8, 2016, CLS Holdings USA Inc. (OTCQB: CLSH), a diversified cannabis company, has been trending up. While the stock opened the week at $1.05 with extremely low volume, it has closed the week at $1.21 with volume slightly above 11,000.


Even with a slow start at the beginning of the week, the CLSH 5-day chart shows strong support above $1.17 and demonstrates an overall uptrend for the week.

Jeff Binder, CEO of CLS Holdings USA, will be a featured speaker at the California Cannabis Business Expo in San Francisco this March. In addition to giving a spotlight presentation on CLS Holdings USA, Binder will discuss technology and cannabis, as well as advances in testing and extraction.


CLS Holdings USA Inc. is an MJIC Media Partner Member.
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On Jan. 19, 2016, the Canadian Securities Exchange notified all CSE listed companies of its partnership with MJIC Media to offer a discount on tickets and exhibition space for the Marijuana Investor Summit & Business Expo in San Francisco, March 3-5, 2016.

The Marijuana Investor Summit & Business Expo is a meeting hub for industry decision makers, including cannabis business owners and managers, fledgling business owners seeking capital, investors and service providers.

“We’re very excited to be working with the CSE at this critical stage of development for the international cannabis community. The Canadian markets offer unique opportunities for investors that may be understandably wary of the OTC,” said Chris Gromek, COO of MJIC Media.

Canadian public markets are a good place for investors to explore right now, with Justin Trudeau as Prime Minister of Canada, decreased legislative risk, a federal medical marijuana program and rapidly evolving cannabis-related public companies.

With the CSE acting as a resource for investors looking to investigate foreign markets, the exchange’s rules and regulations provide an additional sense of security. More than 25 cannabis-related companies are currently listed on the CSE.

CSE listed companies interested in attending and exhibiting at the Marijuana Investor Summit can reach out to [email protected] or through the event website, www.MarijuanaInvestorSummit.com.

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On Jan. 6, 2016, the legal cannabis sector welcomed the introduction of Kush Bottles (OTC Pink: KSHB), a supplier of packaging solutions and accessories for the legal cannabis industry, to the OTC Markets.

“We are pleased to be a publicly traded company, and look forward to the responsibilities and opportunities this listing provides,” said Nicholas Kovacevich, Co-Founder and CEO of Kush Bottles Inc., in a press release. “As we head into 2016, we strive to continue to build a strong organization that is known and respected for its quality, service and innovation.”

KSHB opened at $2.00, and closed up 12.5% at $2.25, with volume slightly above 20,000.

According to Kush Bottles’ 10-k filed with the SEC on Nov. 30, 2015, revenues were up 135% over FY14, to $4.014 million; gross profits were up 97% over FY14, to $1.428 million; and consolidated net loss was down 14% over FY14, to $339,303, with the company also reporting approximately $1 million in total liabilities.

Within the 10-k, RBSM’s report, as Kush Bottle’s independent registered public accounting firm, explained, “The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on the Company obtaining adequate working capital to fund operations until it becomes profitable.”

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On Jan. 8, 2016, MassRoots (OTCQB: MSRT) will compete in the Extreme Tech Challenge’s semi-finals, presenting live, on stage, at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.

The Extreme Tech Challenge is a startup competition where entrants vie for capital to accelerate their chances of success. More than 1,000 companies entered this year’s challenge, with MassRoots earning a spot as one of the top 10 semi-finalists and an opportunity to pitch to a panel of judges, with media and tech enthusiasts watching.

MassRoots is scheduled to present between 2:00 and 4:00 p.m. PST on Jan 8. The company’s pitch is expected to cover MassRoots’ role in legalization initiatives, recent generation of revenue and its potential uplisting to Nasdaq.

“Technology and big data have transformed countless industries and we believe the same will hold true for the cannabis sector. We are extremely grateful for the opportunity to share our vision for the cannabis industry at one of the largest gatherings of technology enthusiasts, investors, and media in the world,” said Isaac Dietrich, CEO of MassRoots.

If MassRoots makes it to the top three, the company will pitch to Sir Richard Branson on Necker Island in early February 2016.

Today’s press release was an expanded version of a previous press release issued on Nov. 30, 2015. And while MSRT saw more than double its average trading volume on its first day back after the long weekend, it closed at $1.09.

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A recent report out by Bank of America Merrill Lynch has cannabis investors buzzing, but the real buzz may have more to do with the influence of the venerable name than the results. Does the report go beyond the surface to mine investment information that truly applies to the medical cannabis market? Having a reputable name associated with the sector certainly creates attention and eases the transition to legality, but is BofAML playing it too safe?


At First Look

The report raises a few questions and leaves some uncovered territory. “We think the significance of the report lies more in the fact that it is the first from a major investment firm, than in the specifics of the report which, while well researched, reflects a narrow segment of the overall medical market,” said John Kagia, Director of Industry Analytics at New Frontier Financials.

BofAML may be exploring a narrow segment, but its implications could be much larger. The data is skewed toward the pharmaceutical industries as the best bet for investment. The report seems more like an attempt to associate cannabis with the pharmaceutical industry in a sort of cultural reverse merger, a term familiar to many invested in the cannabis market. Does that limit the true potential for cannabis research? It also begs a bigger question: are bio pharmaceuticals true cannabis products?

“[The report] did not really address the potential implications of the large nutraceutical/whole-plant extract market, which will continue to a far larger proportion of the overall medical marijuana sector than just the pharmaceutical market,” Kagia said.

The stigma of illegality may have influenced BofAML’s choices for research and exploration, but a drug’s scheduling should not be a validation of its efficacy. Nor should such drugs be preferable for testing for the same reason. Creating synthetics as a way of getting around a classification may not promise the same results as authentic derivatives of cannabis.

It is unclear if BofAML is willfully ignoring the inherent conflict of interest its report poses for Bank of America Corporation and its subsidiaries. As reported by Jequetta Byrd and Laura Lieberman on Nov. 13, “When contacted by Bloomberg BNA regarding their policy on providing services to marijuana businesses, Bank of America said simply, ‘As a federally regulated financial institution, we abide by federal law and do not bank marijuana-related businesses.’”


Testing the Labs

There is no dispute about the need for testing standards as illustrated by ongoing problems, such as the recall by Advanced Medicine Alternatives, Denver’s 13th marijuana recall in 13 weeks.

The BofAML report names some cannabis testing labs without going into much detail; otherwise, it focuses on well-established labs, ignoring a burgeoning and important lab testing sub-sector; not only that, these labs have first hand knowledge of the plant, knowledge that can’t be trumped by chemically produced cannabinoids.

Signal Bay (OTC Pink: SGBY) and Digipath (OTCQB: DIGP) are two of the three publicly traded cannabis testing labs mentioned in BofAML’s report. CannLabs (OTCQB: CANL) gets the most attention of the three, but the company has imploded, and the founder dismissed. The economic reality of entrepreneurial investors backing the testing labs to create income can clash with the reality of trial-and error-research.

But the mainstream labs have their own issues. There is some concern about the increase in industry-funded testing. In the larger pharmaceutical sector there was a 43% increase in industry-funded clinical trials since 2006. In that same period trials funded by the National Institutes of Health have declined 24%. Pharmaceuticals, and cannabis, need consistent standards and regulation across the board, whereas individual companies usually only test their own products.


Synthetic Fixation

BofAML’s category of Life Science Tools, which includes consumables, is played down in contrast, but too much perhaps. Pharmaceutical testing is important but that same testing will be needed for recreational products to ensure purity and standards. The report estimates the testing market to be $800-900M and the LST sector $50M by 2020, maybe $150M at the high end.

In Colorado, medical and recreational sales were down in October due to harvest but overall consumption is up for the year. How much of that is extraction business? Nearly $700 million of medical and recreational marijuana was sold in Colorado in 2014. In only 10 months of recorded data, the 2015 numbers have already passed last year’s mark, with more than $814 million in sales. That is only one state!

Are synthetic cannabinoids the same? Is BofAML playing it too safe by only researching the data on these artificial cannabis potions? After all, synthetic cannabinoids are also sold on the street, cheaply produced with unpredictable side effects. Are synthetic cannabinoids trading off the myriad benefits of cannabis only to create adverse side effects?

The scene has changed fast since the analysts compiled their data and BofAML held its 2015 Healthcare Conference last spring. Several of the companies named have had more serious issues. This illustrates the need for accurate data about a company’s fundamentals and management and not just its progress in the labs.

GW Pharma’s (NASDAQ: GWPH) test results for Sativex were not as promising as expected. Epidiolex is still going through testing stages. The report compares it with synthetic cannabis like Marinol, also known as dronabinol, but its side effects may be byproducts of the refined synthetic material and not indicative of pure cannabis-derived medications. It also creates the misperception that natural cannabis may have those same adverse side effects. Although GW Pharma’s products may be true derivatives of cannabis, its share price has dropped from a high of $134 to $64.36, as of Dec. 22, 2015.

Perhaps synthetics were developed as a way around legalization, but do we know that they really are that effective? Judged by the current problems with Insys Therapeutics (NASDAQ: INSY), they were not efficacious, and the company has to deal with serious allegations of fraud.

Zynerba (NASDAQ: ZYNE), a company that produces patent-protected synthetic cannabinoid therapeutics for trans-dermal delivery, will not have any more study results until mid-2016, or early 2017. In the meantime, ZYNE’s share price has dropped from $43 to $11.46, as of Dec. 22, 2015.


Reading Tea Leaves

Although well researched, analysts may also want to spend some more time searching the fundamentals of these new and truly innovative companies and learn the tricky waters they navigate, instead of just banking on the safe ones. Big Pharma getting into the legal cannabis industry may be inevitable, but jumping the gun to create copycat synthetics and subsidizing labs to test them could create misleading and questionable data. For instance, BofAML’s report states that somnolence is a common side effect of cannabis, which is not true of cannabis in general. It depends on the strain. It is a side effect of Indica strains of cannabis, or hybrids containing it, but it is not characteristic of sativa strains. The report also seems to imply that only leaves are sold for smoking, but buds and flower are actually used from the richest part of the plant, the same as in medical use.

There is no doubt the cannabis sector is something of a minefield but maybe the real answer does lie in the actual plant, even from an investment standpoint. Are cannabis companies heading down the same road as typical drug manufacturers or are they really exploring the plant? Like many other aspects of this nascent sector, creative thinking is necessary; we can’t rely on old practices. Credible research on natural plant-derived extracts and cannabinoids should be the real foundation of this industry.